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Council of Ministers: A report of the Minister of the Treasury on the situation and financial regulations in the country and abroad. Reports of individual ministries. Long meeting (3pm to 5pm). The Prime Minister explains the situation and demands calm and hard work from the departmental staffers. We have to stay longer in Łuck. During the meeting, Łuck is violently bombed. Big fires. Damage to the prison and printing house in the bishop's palace. The chaplain of Bishop Gawlina is killed. The bishop himself is wounded.

✍    Also today

Every second, there are thousands of facts, thousands of events that strengthen my faith in the immortal, indestructible force of the Polish people. Citizens! After everything, yesterday a German tank managed to reach the walls of Warsaw without getting shot, and who finally took it down before it could enter the city? Polish women! This is force of our nation! This is the strength of the people!

After dinner, I went to the court. Despite the bombs, people were walking aimlessly around the city. I was lucky because they were paying three-month evacuation salaries. The court is being moved to Łódź. The president of the Appeals of the Prosecutor's Office is going, and by order of the authorities the rest is staying and destroying some files and papers in the furnaces. We have been sitting in ditches all day since the last bombing. I barely come out – a raid begins. We spent two nights in a ditch (not only us), sitting on briefcases and suitcases, under coats and an old sheepskin coat. It was terribly uncomfortable and cold.

A few kilometers after passing Biłgoraj, we rest in the forest. A pillar of smoke rises above Biłgoraj. Passers-by who left the town after us say that a fire broke out there. They make various guesses about the fire, they suspect spies, saboteurs, etc. They tell us about some spy named Müller who was shot, and who was supposed to be a forest ranger and had his own radio station. However, it appears the fire was an accident. There has been a drought for several weeks, the towns are mostly built out of wood and bakeries are running their ovens constantly so the risk of fire is high. 

Jews will suffer most. 3 ½ million of them. 10% population – greatest proportion of all European countries. Germany has only 1% Jews. And, despite Poles protest that Jews have control of industry, the Jews in Poland are of the lowest class. In ghettos, bearded and booted filth, and clad in traditional garb. Well knew what was in store for them. Yet what could they do? Where could they go? Were not permitted to travel.

Some thirty airmen came. They arrived with faces black from exposure and petrol fumes, after camouflaging their planes in the woods across the valley.

They would not speak of their air-fighting, but instead they told me of the long caravans, dragging desperately across Central Poland, and how, as they went, the German fighters would dive and machine-gun men, women and children. Very few of the poor, with their slow-going wagons, ever escaped from Poland.

In general the impression to be gained at the Foreign Office is not as encouraging as that which the newspapers give. It seems likely that Mussolini's neutrality is very much of a put-up job and that he is still on the best and most intimate terms with Hitler. Italian neutrality is, however, clearly the wisest policy for the Axis powers: as far as Hitler is concerned it ensures Turkish neutrality and thus makes it less easy for the Allies to help Poland from the East, as well as introducing complications about the passage of warships, etc., through the Straits; from Mussolini's point of view it is eminently desirable, because the Italian people are at present violently opposed to war and Mussolini is bound to increase his prestige by keeping them out of it.

Russia remains the most uncertain factor. From reports that I have seen in telegrams, I have formed a shrewd suspicion that she is preparing to seize the eastern districts of Poland if and when Germany subdues that country. See more

So the whole world already knows that we are defending ourselves. But let's not rest on our laurels. Nothing is known for certain in war. Maybe this is the end of this war game, maybe this is the end of Warsaw’s war? Or maybe it will start again? Nothing is known. However, we know for sure that if it starts again, it will be more seriously than before.

Since morning there is intensive anti-aircraft shooting - apparently our intelligence planes are circulating. German bombers in motion. There are now German police announcements on the streets, calling on officials to report to their offices and start working, requesting that all stores be opened, and all Jewish businesses marked with a Zionist star. The weather is still hot, without clouds. Only columns of troops and supplies pass through Kraków. The Citizens’ Committee led by P. Łubieńska has already set up a few food distribution points for the refugees and the poor - handing out bread and tea. Apparently our city hall prisoners were privately fed as well, and are to be transported from there later. German soldiers are running around the streets, they seem to be the local crew and police who regulate traffic at several points. In the evening we listen to the radio from Warsaw II and from London.

No traffic at all. Few people. A crowd of civilians, some barefoot, building a barricade under a soldier’s directions, a small group of Red Cross nuns, frightened, housewives hunting for food ... Many open shops, there is no lack of canned food and fruit. It is harder to get potatoes, fats,  and milk. We will see what the "diplomatic shop" can provide. 

For the duration of the war, the Führer will not accept any flowers handed to him in the course of his travels. He requests that the flowers intended for his person be presented to the soldiers of the German Wehrmacht instead.



The French began to fight yesterday, after crossing the border on the Saar-Louis Chio section, a 20-kilometer strip of land, and after making contact with the security line reinforced by the enemy. The Germans put up strong resistance by making counter-attacks and strengthening their front with large units of newcomers.

On that day, there were small air skirmishes on the border, both sides lost 2-3 planes, neither side has bombarded the other yet. There were 4-5 raids. It is very important that Ambassador Biddle testifies in Washington that non-military facilities are being bombed in Warsaw.

We make our way through the forest. It is getting dark. We meet a suspicious rifleman who says he is from Kraków. Piotruś Ćwik believes he is a spy and tries to hand him over to a military unit. However, it turns out he’s not guilty of anything, only barely conscious because he is tired as hell. The questioning and confusion caused by this story delay our march, and it is already properly dark and and there is still a long way to Zwierzyniec. Eichhorn is so irritated by the delay caused by Ćwik that he loses all strength and tumbles down in a roadside ditch before we reach Zwierzyniec. He had fainted and it took fresh water to revive him.

I have just read 3 or 4 characters of Theophrastus, stumbling from Greek to English, and may as well make a note of it. Trying to anchor my mind on Greek. Rather successful. As usual. how Greek sticks, darts, eels in and out! No Latin would have noted that a boor remembers his loans in the middle of the night. The Greek has his eye on the object. But it's a long distance one has to roll away to get at Theophrastus and Plato. But worth the effort.



We have to focus on the negative as well as the positive. Especially if they point to bad things to come. There is current paranoia over spies and sabotage. This phenomenon certainly exists and plays a role in warfare. But we must agree that the damage caused by this sabotage is certainly much smaller than the damage caused by paranoid fear of it. We need to calm down and stop being so suspicious and seeing enemy lights, rockets, poisoned candy, balloons, and God knows what.

In the north we took Płońsk and Ciechanów. However, the German army is heading for Wyszków through Ostrołęka with the intention of cutting off Warsaw from the east. Our army on the right bank of the Vistula, concentrated on the Wilga River, will soon be launching a counterattack. Near Warsaw, the Germans were pushed back. Pruszków is ours. The Poznań army is untouched and heads towards Łódź.

It is of course impossible to tell for certain what is the truth and what is fantasy. The shithead who shut down the post and the phones and did not organize field communication should be shot for treason, and will be responsible for the deaths of many, and the misfortunes of tens of thousands of refugees.