Things are going to get heated again in politics. The 25th anniversary of the start of the World War... And the harvest is coming to an end.
Some recent work by E.FermiEnrico Fermi, Italian physicist and L. SzilardLeo Szilard, German physicist, which has been communicated to me in manuscript, leads me to expect that the element uranium may be turned into a new and important source of energy in the immediate future. Certain aspects of the situation which has arisen seem to call for watchfulness and, if necessary, quick action on the part of the Administration. I believe therefore that it is my duty to bring to your attention the following facts and recommendations:
In the course of the last four months it has been made probable – through the work of Joliot in France as well as Fermi and Szilard in America – that it may become possible to set up a nuclear chain reaction in a large mass of uranium by which vast amounts of power and large quantities of new radium-like elements would be generated. Now it appears almost certain that this could be achieved in the immediate future. See more
This new phenomenon would also lead to the construction of bombs, and it is conceivable – though much less certain – that extremely powerful bombs of a new type may thus be constructed. A single bomb of this type, carried by boat and exploded in a port, might very well destroy the whole port together with some of the surrounding territory. However, such bombs might very well prove to be too heavy for transportation by air.
Gdańsk and Poland in the House of Commons - strong criticism of the British government regarding financial negotiations with Poland
A debate on the international situation took place yesterday in the House of Commons. The leader of the liberals Sir Archibald SinclairArchibald Sinclair, Leader of the Liberal Party addressed the government regarding the militarization of Gdańsk. Speaking on behalf of the Labour Party, MP Dalton brought up negotiations with Poland, expressing dissatisfaction with the delay in these negotiations. See more
"The goal of these negotiations - said Mr. DaltonMP Dalton, Member of the British Parliament - is undoubtedly to arm Poland and arm it as soon as possible. It is in the interest of Great Britain to make Poland powerful and strong very fast. Meanwhile, nothing has been done to allow Poland to buy from other countries, especially from the United States and Scandinavian countries, the war equipment that British sources cannot provide, because Britain needs all the weapons it produces.”
I carried out my instructions by communicating the information given to me to Ambassador Léger. I took advantage of his visit to bring up our reservations regarding the Anglo-Franco-Soviet treaty and protocol like I had done with Bonnet before. Léger reacted positively to my points, said that it was never the intention of the French government to handle issues that could affect us as in the Baltic states' case. He stressed that the issue of indirect aggression, particularly, does not concern us, or Romania, Turkey and Greece, he thanked me for drawing attention to this issue and told me that he would deal with it immediately.
After the audience, the Pope made me stay me for over half an hour of conversation. First of all, he asked how the President of the Republic is doing, is he in Warsaw at the moment, and is he going to go on holiday this summer. Then, moving on to the political situation, the Pope spoke about his peace mediation, saying that he did everything he could for peace, "that in Berlin it is very difficult to do anything". See more
He remembers that last year he heard Hitler give a speech in which it was clearly stated that after the annexation of Sudetenland, Germans would not have any territorial pretensions in Europe. What is left of this today? At the moment, this is about Gdańsk, but tomorrow there could be other far-reaching demands, and we cannot say in which direction. The principles on which the Chancellor based his policy have been broken twice: first, the Reich occupied the Czech Republic and Moravia, annexing a Slavic population of many millions to the German state, Secondly, as far as South Tyrol is concerned, the Chancellor is ready to auction off the native German population.
It’s already been more than two months that I’ve been searching the shops for either material, or a suit, or simply presentable trousers! There is a complete lack of goods! They “drop” 20-30 men’s suits, and a queue of 300 people forms. Hysteria, convulsions, madness — words simply cannot describe it. See more
People start gathering before the stores even open, but queuing is officially banned, so the police try to break them up… Furthermore, no one knows which doors or gates they will open… Often they don’t open the ones the people are waiting in front of, but the opposite doors… Then everyone rushes over there, bumping their heads, pushing each other… In Leningrad, when trading hours begin, the queues are carefully hidden. In Gostiny Dvor and Apraksina, they are moved to inside the courtyards, along the galleries, or in the dark hallways of the service staircases.
The Holy Father then bitterly complained about the constraints on any Church work in Germany, making the Catholic Action impossible, it is barely possible to work in the Church, and even then, not so much.
Afterward, the Pope asked about the situation in Gdańsk while looking up the correct name for Gdańsk in Latin and Polish in the "Annuario Pontificio". Since I was authorized to do so, I described the Gdańsk issue, starting with the Polish-German agreement of January 1934, on the basis of which an understanding was reached.
Stay at the Vistula with the President of the Republic. I brought up: the last phase of negotiations in London; the possibility of trade credit in Paris; special loans for “mobilisation” requirements (150 million for the entire state and 15 million for PKP). Financial difficulties are multiplying and we make the most of our options. The grain matter (reserve 10% of farmers’ production in rye and wheat, minimum prices). The president has a positive opinion about the minister of the treasury's proposals.
In the morning I went to renew my foreign passport, which expired and had not been used since October last year. After returning home, I find a letter from Dr. Rudzki, who strongly advises against treatment in Ciechocinek (it seems that Grubas got offended). Therefore, a change of decision - I won't go. Time is not only historical but also hysterical.
In the evening we went to the play "Holy Grove" at the National. Very poor with only one good joke.
See how oddly they have timed various strokes which have been made in the recent past for occasions when the House has risen and the Members are on their holidays. Take the latest of all, the Albanian outrage at Easter. It was nicely timed for the moment when it was known that Parliament was scattered, when the Ministers were scattered—and when the Mediterranean Fleet, unfortunately, was scattered, too. They timed it for that purpose. They timed it for that purpose. See more
Then look at last year, when we parted in similar circumstances to the present. Until then there were no suspicious troop movements in Germany. It was only then that there began all these movements for the pretended peaceful purposes of a local manoeuvre. It may sound rather a vain thing for a Member of Parliament to say, but it seems to me that this House is a recognised addition to the defences of Great Britain, that we are safer when the House is sitting, and that the power and will of this House count very much, and, properly commanded, will reinforce the power of His Majesty's Government.
At a German military plant.