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Werner von der Schulenburg

Experienced diplomat. During the First World War, he commanded an artillery battery in the German army. He later served as envoy to Tehran and Bucharest. In 1934, he was appointed German ambassador to the Soviet Union.

Werner von der Schulenburg

Experienced diplomat. During the First World War, he commanded an artillery battery in the German army. He later served as envoy to Tehran and Bucharest. In 1934, he was appointed German ambassador to the Soviet Union.

I must again point out that the secret additional protocol signed in Moscow on August 23, together with any possible drafts, is to be kept most strictly secret. All your officials and staff who up to the present have received knowledge of it must be specially pledged to secrecy, and must confirm this pledge with their personal signature. No other persons are to be informed in any way of the existence or contents of the document.

I, sparing no effort, worked for the good relations between Germany and the Soviet Union and in a certain sense achieved this goal. But in reality, I did not achieve anything. This treaty will lead us to World War II and bring Germany into the abyss.

13:30

I, sparing no effort, worked for the good relations between Germany and the Soviet Union and in a certain sense achieved this goal. But in reality, I did not achieve anything. This treaty will lead us to World War II and bring Germany into the abyss.



I have now come directly from the Kremlin. When you receive this letter, you will have already learned from the newspapers that the main strike was a success. It is a diplomatic miracle. Its consequences are impossible to predict. My decoders haven’t slept for several nights in a row, I am also slightly exhausted. We will have several days of the highest pressure. But now it doesn’t matter, after the decision was made, which we worked and wished for. I hope that the circumstances won’t ruin that which is now in total order. In any event, we completed our task. We achieved in three weeks what the British and the French couldn’t achieve in several months! If only if something good would come out of all of this!

We are still here in the centre of world politics. At present, the British and French militaries are in talks, so far without visible success. We have a huge amount of work; we are flooded with telegrams, etc. Last night a German-Soviet economic agreement was signed in Berlin, which given the present political climate means more than it would appear. But you should still keep your fingers crossed… at least for another 10 days. For now, it is unclear if I will go to Nuremberg, but I think that I will, although maybe with a slight delay… Today is August 21st, it’s two o’clock in the morning. They just called me from the office, that an “extra urgent” and never-ending telegram has just arrived from Berlin. In one and a half hours they will send it to me in a decoded version: until then I should stay awake. Despite this, I will end the letter for today; I want to, and I must, “dose” for a little bit in the armchair, because I will not be able to sleep this night. Tomorrow I will add something to this letter, if something will come up which is worthy of attention…

The Government of the German Reich and The Government of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, desirous of strengthening the cause of peace between Germany and the U.S.S.R., and proceeding from the fundamental provisions of the Neutrality Agreement concluded in April 1926 between Germany and the U.S.S.R., have reached the following Agreement:

Article I

Both High Contracting Parties obligate themselves to desist from any act of violence, any aggressive action, and any attack on each other, either individually or jointly with other Powers. See more

The question of a non-aggression pact is clear and simple. According to the German government, it should consist of the following two points: 

1) The German government and the Soviet government agree not to, under any circumstances, enter into a war or use force of any kind; 

2) This agreement will take effect very soon and will be in effect without denunciation for 25 years. 

If, however, the German government is now turning away from the old politics towards a serious improvement in political relations with the USSR, then the Soviet government can only welcome such a shift and is prepared, from its side, to reconstruct its politics in the spirit of a serious improvement of relations with Germany.  See more

The Führer is firmly of the point of view that, taking into account the real situation and the possibility of an attack of serious events at any moment (Germany does not intend to tolerate any more Polish provocations), principled and prompt clarification of German-Soviet relations at this moment are desirable. For this reason, Germany’s foreign minister, Mr. von Ribbentrop expresses his preparedness, starting from August 18th, to come to Moscow at any time by airplane to sign relevant agreements.

The Fuhrer takes the view that, taking into account the present situation and the possibility of serious events at any moment (Germany does not intend to continue to tolerate Polish provocations), it is advisable to quickly clarify German-Soviet relations and mutual attitudes to current issues. For this reason, the German Foreign Minister Mr. von Ribbentrop expresses his readiness, starting from August 18, to come to Moscow on an airplane at any time with the powers of the Fuhrer to negotiate a set of German-Soviet issues and, if there are appropriate conditions (gegebenenfalls), to sign relevant treaties.

Moscow in these hot days is the centre of world politics. We are flooded with long telegrams; the decoders are literally knocked out they are so tired. At the end of this week, the military missions of Britain and France will arrive here. Their talks will be very difficult. I do not envy them!... I hope that the war can somehow be prevented. However, today everything is so turned around that no one can say with confidence what tomorrow will bring. Nothing is left to do but hope for the best!!! I am trying to preserve my sense of humour, although I’m not always successful. There is so much of everything that might lead to despair. But nothing will not help! Things must be accepted the way they are, and not the way we would like them to be.

The German side is counting on a successful conclusion of the economic talks. With regards to the press, if the German press behaves with caution with in relation to the USSR, then the same cannot be said about the Soviet press, and recently there has been a worsening tone in the Soviet press in reference to Germany.

The German government has been authorised to announce that, in its opinion, there are no political disagreements between the USSR and Germany. Regarding the “anti-Comintern pact”, “it is not aimed at the USSR”, but against Britain. Friendly relations between Germany and Japan are also not aimed against the USSR.