New post

Viscount Halifax

Served as Viceroy of India from 1925 to 1931 and as Foreign Secretary between 1938 and 1940. One of the architects of the policy of appeasement towards Adolf Hitler in 1936–38, working closely with Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain.

Viscount Halifax

Served as Viceroy of India from 1925 to 1931 and as Foreign Secretary between 1938 and 1940. One of the architects of the policy of appeasement towards Adolf Hitler in 1936–38, working closely with Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain.

I visited HalifaxSecretary of State for Foreign Affairs, passed on the Minister’s message and, with the greatest possible emphasis, pointed out the need for immediate military action in the west. I also mentioned the request of our air force that arrived at the headquarters through a military attaché: it's a request for an air campaign against Germany to relieve us.

Halifax accepted my appeal and said that my letter to Churchill regarding this very matter had been read at the cabinet meeting today. He avoided giving a concrete answer. He only told me solemnly that England now had one goal: to defeat Germany in Gdańsk. H. understands our concerns and feels them as his own, however, the local government, which stands by Poland and will stand by us till the end, can not disperse the forces that are needed for a decisive strike.

As for France, the generals Ironside and Gort, who were there yesterday, are positive and satisfied with both the army's morale and the French government's decision to use it. Halifax expects that after yesterday's torpedoing of a merchant ship by the Germans, there will be fatal attacks on both the European and American coasts. The English have announced that our military mission will be arriving in London tonight.

Lord Halifax hit me with a state of certain “vacillation” or at least inner doubts. He told me that information from various sources indicates alarming Soviet ideas and in such state of affairs the situation must be considered seriously altered for the worse. See more

14:50

However I am convinced the agreement between the Soviets and the Germans cannot be a foundation for either an honest or a permanent friendship. It is a result of Soviet fear mixed with a desire for gain. If the Western powers stand up bravely and go to war together with us if necessary, then the Soviets (who will gain politically anyway) will not “disgrace themselves with the Germans”.

In the next two weeks, a permanent alliance between England and Poland is to be signed. On the English side, this treaty is to be signed by min. Lord HalifaxSecretary of State for Foreign Affairs, on the Polish side by Ambassador RaczyńskiPolish ambassador to the United Kingdom. The treaty will replace the current mutual guarantees and will include a commitment to mutual assistance in the event of a direct and indirect threat to the independence of both powers.

By the time I got myself acquainted with your project, I was struck. How different it is from both the project I put forward as well as the conclusions reached on the 6th of April during the visit of Mr. Beck in London. The reasons for some of these changes are not clear to us but your legal counsel will undoubtedly be able to give the necessary explanations. The only point I'd like to put forward right now is that the confidential protocol suggested by the Polish government does not include Romania that we spoke so much about during the visit of Mr. Beck. Instead, it includes the Baltic States which we had mentioned only rather briefly at that opportunity.

In reply to our proposal to immediately start negotiating a political treaty I have received a letter from Lord Halifax yesterday night. In this letter he proposes to start the talks tomorrow, Wednesday: "If the Polish legal counsel would be on site by that date" or as soon as possible after that date. 

I must give H. a prompt answer as to the date and possible procedures.