In 1939, he played a decisive role; staunchly refusing Hitler's demands to subordinate Poland and turn it into a German puppet-state.
Yesterday's news, the latest, so to speak: President Mościcki President of Polandis interned in Romania. Some "government" has been formed in Paris, with Raczkiewicz serving as "President" and Zaleski as foreign minister. This is Poland now. I don't know what happened to BeckPolish Foreign Minister. But there are no rumours that anyone committed suicide.
They are still not issuing passes to Warsaw. And the world goes on: the sun is warming the chilly air, two puppies are rolling in the mud in front of our house.
Today Soviet troops conducted an act of aggression against Poland by crossing the border in a number of places. Polish troops resisted. In the face of a superior army, they are retreating.
We lodged a protest in Moscow. This action is a classic example of aggression.
To the embassy in Paris regarding the formation of Polish military units in France.
In relation to our agreement regarding the creation of military formations in France, our government is sending officials and professional staff to France, starting with the air force, whose main unit is ready to leave. Please obtain the approval of the French government, and instructions as to where such personnel should be sent.
Please announce to Lord Halifax immediately, even at night: We estimate from… a formula in which Halifax said that the British Government did not recognize the conference since the German invasion lasted in Poland and Danzig. We are fighting already on the whole front with the majority of German forces fighting for each metre, even the Westerplatte garrison is defending. The intervention of all air force is becoming more and more brutal. Today there are many civilian casualties. Referring to the clause about ‘the immediate help’, please inform about the decision of the British Government forthwith.
I am asking the Ambassador to inform the local government that, despite the fact that the government knew about Polish collaboration in the English initiative, the German land army has carried out an aggression on Polish territory while their air force bombarded several towns. The Polish government, determined to defend the independence and honor of Poland until the end, trusts that it will receive immediate help from its allies in accordance with existing agreements.
Rome and Washington are only performing point I of the code.
In regard to your reports, I will ask the Ambassador to request a meeting with the Minister of Foreign Affairs or the Secretary of State and to tell him the following:
- Last night the night the Polish Government received information from the British government about dialogue with the Reich regarding the possibility of a direct agreement between the German Reich and the Polish Government.
- The Polish Government is favourably inclined towards the suggestions of the British Government, and will provide a formal response in the hours to come.
Thanks for notifying us of the answer given to Hitler. Having just as honest and peaceful intentions as France, the Polish government is convinced that only decisiveness and bravery in military decisions and peace in diplomatic negotiations can stop the situation now. Our well-known basic demands for any potential agreement are not and would not be subject to any compromise.
Today's announcements about the intended non-aggression pact prove conclusively that the Soviet government has been playing a double game for a long time, seeking to break the negotiations with Paris and London, and as such, our negative position on the march of Soviet troops can not be blamed for the situation created. In view of the psychological significance of today's events, I believe that the only answer is consolidation of the position of England, France and Poland. The Germans will certainly encounter the same difficulties in negotiations with the Soviets, and the German-Soviet pact surely implies a further collapse of Hitler's ideology, the Anti-Comintern pact, and the sentiments in the Soviets. In addition, it creates a new situation in the Far East.
Under these conditions, much depends on the decisive attitude of governments and the press in our three countries. If necessary, I agree to publish the final phase of the Moscow negotiations, and will manage attitude of our press and opinion.
The French and the British ambassadors briefed me after the negotiations of the French-British-Soviet sides, in which the Soviets demanded the option of contact with the German army in Pomerania, in the Suwalki Region and in Eastern Lesser Poland. The British and the French position supported this statement. See more
I answered that it was unacceptable that those states discussed military exploitation of the territory of another independent country. Poland and the Soviets are not bound by any military agreements and the Polish government does not intend to make any.
The French ambassador suggested that they would inform the Soviets that the Polish government had refused to discuss the matter or that the French government had not started a formal approach having believed that the answer would be negative.
Telegram of the Minister of Foreign Affairs to the Embassies in London and Paris with regard to Minister Ciano’s statement.
After returning from Salzburg, Ciano told the diplomatic corps that Italy did not need to take account of a potential conflict because, in case of a Polish-German conflict, it would be localised, since Poland would not get help from France and Great Britain. See more
Please advise the government that such sentiments are harmful and ask if the government could take appropriate measures to correct the opinion of the Italian government through its representative in Rome. I do not mean issuing a formal statement in that regard, but simply explaining the situation to the Italians in detail.
Please kindly let me know about the position of the government on this suggestion.
Much excitement in official Polish circles today. Conferences between Smigly-Rydz, Beck, and the generals. A Polish soldier has been shot on the Danzig frontier. Result: an order tonight instructing Polish troops to shoot anyone crossing the Danzig border on sight and without challenge. Lunch at Ambassador Biddle's. He is full of enthusiasm for his job and chockfull of good information, though I do not always agree with his conclusions. He is very pro-Polish, which is natural, and all right with me. Biddle is afraid the French and British are going to try appeasement again and suggests that Professor Burkhardt, the League High Commissioner in Danzig, and a Swiss, who saw Hitler at Berchtesgaden last week-end, may turn out to be another Runciman.
On declaration with regard to Burckhardt’s travel to Germany
Since Burckhardt’s trip features negotiations, today I declared to the ambassadors of Great Britain and France that the Polish government considered behaviour of the Secretary-General of the League of Nations improper because Mr. B. leads discussions on Danzig with the Reich’s government who is not a member of the league and other powers, behind the Polish government’s back. Due to the status of the Free City and the fact that Poland is a member of the League, our government should be informed about everything first. See more
I warn that in case of any attempts at trading our interests, I will definitely come out against Germany, the League and any allied Power which would have anything to do with it.
I give the aforementioned as a guideline for your discussions, Mr. Ambassador.
Information from Gdańsk – 2 customs inspectors were arrested and a motorboat was seized. I informed the prime minister and minister Beck.
Today discussions with the ambassadors of Great Britain and France in reference to suggestions of both governments. I asked if the French and the British governments consider it necessary to remind the government of the German Reich that such interference in Danzig affairs threatens peace, and that the governments of Great Britain and France would not be indifferent to it. I asked for a quick answer.
Moreover, I said that, since the German government had not previously published its declaration to the Polish chargé d'affaires in Berlin, I considered the case confidential and I did not inform press about it until I heard that Germany had publicised it.