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Jędrzej Moraczewski

Served as the first Prime Minister of the Second Polish Republic between November 1918 and January 1919.

Jędrzej Moraczewski

Served as the first Prime Minister of the Second Polish Republic between November 1918 and January 1919.

The Germans admit they're at war with Romania and that severe battles are taking place in East Prussia. Apparently, the London radio reports that one Allied army crossed the Rhine near Fribourg and is now headed towards the Czech Republic; the other one is moving to Westphalia. And there will be heavy fighting. I think we'll eventually find out if it's true. I'm not writing down all rumors that we hear and all news that is reported, always based on "eyewitness accounts", but that's never really true. I only write down the ones that seem most likely to be true. 

I'm starting to believe that Warsaw has given up. It might be because of the lack of water. There's enough wood, water from the Vistula can be distilled to become potable. 

The German radio reports that a great battle is taking place in East Prussia. Surrendering Warsaw before we learn the outcome of the battle is a strategic defeat. If we disarm soldiers who are defending Warsaw, it would free up enough German forces to decide the fate of this battle in their favor. But we do not know anything for sure.

Warsaw has not given up. Apparently, negotiations with General Rómmel are underway. At night, we couldn’t hear any cannonfire. We can only come to our own conclusions, as there’s complete the lack of news. 

In German magazines, everything is propaganda intended for Germans and for us. Propaganda can be based on the truth, but not always. 

For now, we're managing as well as we can. No bread.

Something has changed on the front near Warsaw, if the news about organizing the Allied army on Hel is true. Yesterday the Germans left Sulejówek, Żurawka, Okuniew, leaving very little manpower. Not sure whether it's a regrouping of troops or a defeat, or besieging and taking Warsaw by hunger. Guns are barely shooting. On the other hand, German troops are driving out Germans settled in this area to Prussia. They ask them to load the most valuable things, take livestock and head to carts.

Apparently, Hitler was in Minsk. Warsaw is fighting. Tonight, fewer shots. The Germans say that they will leave Warsaw and the Soviet army will come in their place. They even advised us to escape to the left bank of the river. What for? To take refuge from the barbarians? Which ones are the barbarians? History will tell.

The storm of artillery fire over Warsaw scares us. What will be left of Warsaw? Just a pile of rubble?

During the day, cars and motorbikes deafen the sound of cannons, but at night ... Maybe the bombing at night is stronger? People are more worried. They cannot sleep, so they cannot rest. Every day here they say that Warsaw is kaput. But it is heroically holding on.

There was better news yesterday morning. I don't know if it's lies or truth. Before noon, three military men came in, demanding weapons. They came in with their revolvers out, asking for me. Stasia thought they would shoot me. She came to me in the garden, crying. They took a revolver, three shotguns (including one with a broken lock, and two good ones) and a small hunting rifle offered to me on the fifteenth anniversary of the People's Government.

The night passed peacefully and restlessly. Nobody interfered with us, but we can't hear the shots outside of Warsaw. Based on the vehicles that passed us, I guessed there was more than a division attacking Praga. Today our radio reported that the Germans took Zamość. And at the same time, that our army from Poznań and Pomerania is pushing forward from Kutno to Warsaw. I suppose the Germans are trying to surround it and we are breaking through them. It will be a very important battle, will it decide about the fate of the campaign or will it just be an episode?

In the north we took Płońsk and Ciechanów. However, the German army is heading for Wyszków through Ostrołęka with the intention of cutting off Warsaw from the east. Our army on the right bank of the Vistula, concentrated on the Wilga River, will soon be launching a counterattack. Near Warsaw, the Germans were pushed back. Pruszków is ours. The Poznań army is untouched and heads towards Łódź.

It is of course impossible to tell for certain what is the truth and what is fantasy. The shithead who shut down the post and the phones and did not organize field communication should be shot for treason, and will be responsible for the deaths of many, and the misfortunes of tens of thousands of refugees.

Chaos continues. The post is no longer functioning. In Sulejówek, the post office is closed. The post-commander Ms. Drożdżowa is afraid of being held responsible for not having carried out her postal duties. Zosia reassured her, promising she would be fully protected from responsibility for not having sorted the mail. The gendarmes from the Marshal's villa departed at the command of their superiors. The railway station is closed. The power plant also.

Since the beginning of this year, I thought a war against Germany seemed inevitable. I fully understood German demands:

1) Gdańsk is given back to Nazi Germany not only in practice but also formally;

2) A 25-kilometer-wide land corridor across Pomerania connects Nazi Germany with East Prussia, cutting off Poland from the sea;

3) Nazi Germany gives back the Bogumin Poland railway junction.

Since the news came from the castle that Śmigły refused to negotiate with Germany regarding these demands but ordered the mobilization of two divisions of infantry, I thought a war would break out this year. Hitler cannot back down. But after the alliance with England was signed - two weeks ago - I changed my mind. The German pact with the Soviets filled me with hope that it might not come to war.