On Friday afternoon before 6 o'clock the Foreign Office signed the Polish-British alliance. The agreement was signed by the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Lord Halifax, for Great Britain and by Polish Ambassador Raczyński for the Polish side. See more
Russia is rebelling against Stalin's policies. Strikes, arrests, demonstrations – Voroshilov attacks the new political course. The Verkhovna Rada is convening. Stalin canceled a trip.
In Russia, there were reactions to the signing of the non-aggression pact with the Third Reich. In many factories, workers protested by striking for several minutes.
After the conversation between English Ambassador Henderson and Chancellor Hitler, the Western states, France and England, issued extensive mobilisation decrees for the army, navy and air forces. These decrees were issued without waiting for the results of the Franco-English-Soviet military talks in Moscow.
This is proof that the blackmail practiced by Chancellor Hitler in recent years has come to an end and German power must try other approaches to further its ends. Feeding the Germanic wolf “Munich-style” has sharpened and increased his appetite – instead of satiating it. Germans dream of hegemony over the world.
If Berlin had hoped to rattle London and Paris with the sensational announcement of its non-aggression pact with Moscow, then it will have been disappointed in this respect. London and Paris reacted in a completely unambiguous manner both in the governments and the general public. The news of the German-Soviet non-aggression pact, instead of unsettling the strength of French opinion towards aggressive German behavior, rather strengthened it.
For many years, Hitler acted as an anti-communist swordsman, as a defender of European civilisation against the Bolsheviks. Already in 1938 he justified his assaults on Czechoslovakia with the fact that he could not tolerate Europe to be threatened by a powerful stronghold of red communism in the heart of Europe.
Meanwhile, both political factions (communism and Hitlerism) fought each other in Spain, clashing in fierce battles in which the Spaniards were dying. – So it seemed that there could be no agreement or settlement between red Moscow and black Berlin. After all, Stalin eliminated all advocates of cooperation with the Germans, sending them to die – and Chancellor Hitler mercilessly abused every German suspected of communism.
And here comes the sudden news that red Russia and black Germany – after all those previous attacks and hatreds – are about to conclude a "nonaggression pact". Hitler strives to be in Stalin’s good graces – who was prepared for such a sudden turn (or retreat) in Hitler's policy?
Reports from Opole Silesia say that the German authorities have permanently closed Polish libraries and book rentals in Opole, Bytom, and Strzelce. At present, no Polish library is active in Opole Silesia. In addition, searches for Polish books were held in several places, in the offices of Polish institutions and private individuals. The books were loaded and taken away. Except in two cases, the police officers did not issue or refused to issue receipts for the books and items taken.
War is a policy tool – this is a known fact. Ever since there have been countries running their own policies, war has been used to achieve these political goals: 1) acquiring; 2) defending.
Since the first day after the defeat they suffered in the World War, Germans have been thinking about the ways to destroy the Allied victory and to regain what the German state lost after the war.
This policy, initiated by the German socialists, later undertaken by Stresemann and Bruening (centrist) and exemplified by Hitler, has peaked and has reached the end of its diplomatic potential. Further achievements will be possible only through military strategy. The political goals of Hitler's Germany have ceased to be the subject of purely diplomatic, behind-the-scenes cabinet considerations. Today, these goals are being pursued by the general staff and commanders of the armed, naval and air forces of various countries and nationsFuture Axis powers: Italy and Japan.
The head of the German military mission, Gen. Bodenschatz, who acts as the de facto commander of the Gdańsk section, recently spent a few days in Berlin, where he had a long meeting with the head of the Gestapo, Himmler, about strengthening the political intelligence in the Free City of Gdańsk and its neighbouring districts.
According to the report submitted to the highest officials of the Reich by the management of the Gestapo, there are currently 29,000 active agents of the German secret political police in the Free City of Gdańsk. Their number is expected to increase again in the near future.
It is a well-known fact that nowadays the military readiness of each country is based not only on army strength and combat training but also on a well-developed industry, capable of supplying the armed forces and civilian population with the necessary goods even during the longest of wars.
In order for industry to be able to fulfill this important role, it must now be prepared for it, not only in terms of adapting production techniques to the needs of war but also through the appropriate training of work crews. This is an issue of great importance since industrial efficiency will largely depend on the attitude and work of the labourers during the war.
The German press, led by "Voelkisher Beobachter", continues its attacks on Poland. On Saturday, it reported an alleged communication threat through Pomerania. In their new aggressive style, the German newspapers conclude that normal relations are supposedly disrupted, and they write that “a whole range of matters is about to be resolved.”
The second topic of the attacks of the German press is the claim that Poland began a war against its German minority, thus challenging Greater Germany, which must of course care for the rights of Germans beyond the Reich as well.
In a letter sent in mid-July of the current year, Minister von Ribbentrop, while discussing the decisive attitude of France regarding Gdańsk, strongly reprimands the French government for interfering in Eastern European affairs, stating that this is the domain of Germany, which is the only country that can regulate relations in this part of Europe. This means the Germans perceive all of Eastern Europe as their Lebensraum, and treat Gdańsk only as a springboard and pretext for dominating Europe. See more
This is the first official lowering of the intentions of the Reich in the light of its aggressive attitude towards Poland, and it clearly shows what is at stake: not Gdańsk, but hegemony, which no state has been able to achieve so far, as history teaches. It is clear that the fulfillment of German plans would leave England and France no longer defending just their political role, but defending their own territories.
In “Der Elsaesser” Senator Henry Lemery publishes a significant article entitled "There is no compromise regarding Gdańsk". The author considers the rumours about the Polish-German arrangement regarding Gdańsk to be a maneuver of German propaganda aimed at weakening Poland's position. "It can be believed, writes the author, that Hitler, despite strong warnings from Poland, England and France, thinks that he will overcome all difficulties and obtain Gdańsk without a war. However, it would be blindness not realize that the obvious German tactics will not have any effect on the Polish divisions. See more
Any change in favor of Germany would settle German rule over the Vistula estuary and weaken Poland. There is no doubt that, on the day when Poland sees its vital interests threatened, it will take arms to defend itself. Poland is prudent but decisive. The Germans must give up Gdańsk or ... win a war."
Gdańsk Gauleiter Forster and his entourage arrived in Gdańsk yesterday after a two-day visit to Chancellor Hitler in Berchtesgaden.
The outcome of the talks between Chancellor Hitler and Forster has not been made public yet. In Gdańsk, however, it was announced that today, on Thursday, at 8 pm, a large protest meeting of the entire population of Gdańsk will be held on the Długi Rynek, and Forster will be giving a speech.
On Sunday in Gożuchów near Grudziądz there was a briefing of the Blue War Regiment formed by General Haller. At the briefing, which was attended by about 60 commanders and division leaders, the regiment was divided into battalions and commanders were appointed. In his address to the assembly General Haller starkly condemned Germany's unjustified claims against Poland. The briefing, which took place on the estate of General Haller, ended with despatches being sent to the President of the Republic and Marshal Rydz, in which the participants attested to the military readiness of the Blue Regiment.
Gdańsk's response regarding customs inspectors. Poland maintains full control of customs.
After the intervention of the Commissar General of the Republic of Poland in Gdańsk on August 5 regarding Polish customs inspectors, the President of the Senate of the Free City of Gdańsk gave a positive response immediately, announcing a written response in two days.
The reply was delivered on August 7 in the morning. It confirms the Senate's position that no action will take place in relation to Polish customs inspectors. In his letter, the Senate President denies that the declarations of the heads of the Gdańsk customs offices were made on his orders.
Polish control of customs in Gdańsk is fully maintained.