President Ignacy Mościcki and marshal Śmigły-Rydz during the ceremony at the Royal Castle.
Yesterday at 1 p.m. a German three-engine bomber approached from German territory and soared over Bohumin city and new Bohumin. The military authorities were alerted and soon a Polish fighter plane was scrambled and forced the bomber to withdraw from Polish territory. A similar breach by the German bombers took place yesterday in the hours of the late afternoon.
Signing of the nonaggression pact between the Soviets and the Germans.
After a conference lasting three hours, the nonaggression pact between the USSR and the German Reich has been signed in Moscow by minister Ribbentrop and premier Molotov among others. The pact contains 7 articles.
The announcement of signing the nonaggression pact between the Reich and the Soviets made an understandable impression in Berlin. People perceived this as an "assurance of peace". However, we have to note that many Germans were surprised by the news: what did all these columns in the German press mean when they previously called the Soviets "a people of bandits"? The Germans are emphacizing the significance and importance of the pact, they treat it as an accomplished fact.
Official Soviet circles assert that the arrival of von Ribbentrop in Moscow to conclude the nonaggression pact between the Reich and the U.S.S.R. does not prevent further negotiations with France and England on the common anti-aggression agreement.
In the next two weeks, a permanent alliance between England and Poland is to be signed. On the English side, this treaty is to be signed by min. Lord HalifaxSecretary of State for Foreign Affairs, on the Polish side by Ambassador RaczyńskiPolish ambassador to the United Kingdom. The treaty will replace the current mutual guarantees and will include a commitment to mutual assistance in the event of a direct and indirect threat to the independence of both powers.
Poland wants peace but is ready to fight.
However, we know for certain that in the event of the conflict (that we would like to avoid), the Polish soldier will fight not only for his freedom or for Polish interests.
It was the same throughout the centuries, it was the same in 1920. A Pole fighting for his freedom fulfills the testament of his fathers:
For our freedom and yours!
And thus we know that the heart of all nations will be at the side of the fighting Polish soldier. And this truth – upon which you cannot place a value - is a great thing.
According to foreign sources, Minister Ribbentrop was to send a letter to Minister Bonnet in which he clarified the Reich's position regarding the issue of Danzig and demanded the French government not interfere in the affairs of Eastern Europe belonging exclusively to Germany.
The Gdańsk political police arrested for unknown reasons a Gdańsk citizen, employee of the Polish Railway, Polak Went, Polish national, employee of the Gdynia shipyard Jan Damaszke, and a Gdańsk citizen of Polish nationality Eugeniusz Aulich, a longtime member of the Polish commune of the Union of Poles in Gdańsk.
On Wednesday night the Polish border guard Ludwik Pieczychlebek, patrolling the border under Ruda Śląska, noticed three individuals slinking in from Germany to Polish territory. When the guard called them to stop, he was suddenly attacked from behind, hit on the head with a blunt instrument and knocked to the ground. A few men threw themselves on the guard attempting to snatch his rifle. One of the attackers put the revolver to his head, but the guard managed to grab the attacker's arm and twist it so the weapon fired at the head of the attacker, killing him on the spot.
The confrontational tone of the German press does not cease. The anti-Polish campaign is intensifying. Clear instructions as to the content to be used by German journalists are shown by nearly unanimous sentences and phrases in nearly the entire press, such as: “The Reich, in a few years, has peacefully extinguished a number of "embers of war" in Europe and can deal with this focal point (Danzig). Poland is overprotected” - writes the irate German press, not forgetting to bow to France and England, and impatiently appeals: “Western powers should understand as quickly as possible that by maintaining Poland they are playing with fire.”
In the assumptions of the German General Staff, the lands of the protectorate were to become a bridge to Ukraine and a strategic base for operations directed at Poland and Romania. Military assumptions decided the border for the lands of the protectorate - and the abolition of all appearances of separation of the administrative authorities and deprivation of the Czech population of any political role.
Yesterday's celebrations in Krakow, and the speech of Marshal Rydz-Śmigły in particular, have been met on the pages of the English press most favourably.
The Times devotes a long introductory article to the speech, where it stressed the following: "Yesterday all of Poland, and Krakow in particular, celebrated the anniversary of the historic march of Piłsudski’s legions from Krakow who earlier in the century, 25 years ago, decided to fight for this Poland, which did not even yet exist”.
The French military mission which is to take part in the Moscow negotiations, left yesterday at 8 am to London. Surich, the Soviet ambassador to Paris, saw them off at the station.
The news about the composition of the Soviet delegation for the military talks evoked satisfaction in Paris military circles because of the participation of Voroshilov, as well as the heads of the Soviet naval and ground armies. It was treated as proof that the Soviets attach fundamental importance to these talks.