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Eugeniusz Kwiatkowski

In 1926-30, he was the Minister of Industry and Trade of Poland. In 1935-39, he served as the Minister of the Treasury.

Eugeniusz Kwiatkowski

In 1926-30, he was the Minister of Industry and Trade of Poland. In 1935-39, he served as the Minister of the Treasury.

In the Polish party and political spheres in France, there is an opinion that even in the face of the impending historical storm, the government did not want to share responsibility with anyone, foreign policy was erroneous, incompatible with the instinct of the nation. We were not ready for war. Therefore, the Składkowski government should now bear all the consequences of the situation.

The results of Ribbentrop's visit to Moscow are clear. Evidently, we are witnessing German-Soviet rapprochement against the backdrop of the destruction of Poland. German foreign policy is undergoing significant transformations. They want to share their sphere of influence from the Rhine to Eastern Europe with the Soviets. Estonia has given in to Soviet pressure by providing the Bolsheviks with military bases located on its territory. 

In the morning, the Speakers of the Sejm and Senate and the President of the Supreme Chamber of Control left the country, having received special financial directives to Bucharest, signed by the Prime Minister.

No changes in the matter of the Polish president and government's trip to France. Our political attention is directed to the matter of the president's departure for constitutional reasons. A government without a president is limited. The president may establish a new government and act in the name of the state.

Warsaw defends itself under the command of Generals Czuma and Rómmel. The destruction caused by the Germans is enormous. The Royal Castle is apparently destroyed, and so is the St. John Cathedral, the National Museum, the Belvedere, the Seym, and the city centre.

The political situation of the Polish government in Siana has not been clarified. There is news that German troops invaded the Warsaw districts of Praga and Wola. The Germans say the battle around Warsaw-Kutno is the largest in this war. There are many victims on both sides. The Germans allegedly took 120,000 prisoners.

It's getting more and more crowded in Siana. Groups of Poles are arriving. Despite constant attempts, neither deputy minister Morawski nor counselor Sadkowski can leave. Minister Beck tried to go to Bucharest, but he was not allowed.

Minister Beck says that the behaviour of the Romanians is completely inappropriate, politically speaking. They made sure we had tolerable living conditions, then cut us off from the outside world. The freedom of movement of ministers and deputy ministers is being deliberated. Financial counselor Sadkowski was not allowed to drive away. We cannot contact our embassy. We receive neither news nor newspapers. We don't have a radio.

Marshal Śmigly is pessimistic. Romanians are making our lives more difficult than neutrality requires. They are separating us. The President of the Republic of Poland will go to an area near Bacau, the government will go to Siana, and the Marshal will be taken to Craiova next to the Bulgarian border. Officials will be scattered in the field, the army will be interned and the equipment taken away. It would be better to evacuate to Hungary.

In the morning at 7:00am comes a sudden order to evacuate ministerial staff towards the Romanian border. The Bank of Poland is also to be evacuated. Other institutions and offices, as well as previously evacuated officials and their families, are to remain in place because no one will pass through without a special order. The police will systematically detain unauthorised evacuators.

Mussolini wanted to broker a peace. Germany wants to keep the part of Poland it occupies  - the almost entirety of ethnic Poland, including Warsaw. They do not want to fight with western states.

England was to respond with four conditions:

1) The Nazi regime should resign,

2) Germany should depart from Polish territories,

3) all damages to Poland should be compensated,

4) Czechoslovakia should be evacuated and rebuilt.

Conference with the Prime Minister:

Information of Deputy Minister Brzozowski: Some institutions are returning to Warsaw. The inrush of the offensive is on hold. In the west, the attack against Germany is getting stronger. The German radio says I went to Romania.

Council of Ministers: A report of the Minister of the Treasury on the situation and financial regulations in the country and abroad. Reports of individual ministries. Long meeting (3pm to 5pm). The Prime Minister explains the situation and demands calm and hard work from the departmental staffers. We have to stay longer in Łuck. During the meeting, Łuck is violently bombed. Big fires. Damage to the prison and printing house in the bishop's palace. The chaplain of Bishop Gawlina is killed. The bishop himself is wounded.

The English loan has been approved. We must take advantage of this credit. He is afraid of formal difficulties. Wanting to remove these difficulties, I suggest taking on the position of deputy minister of treasury and power of attorney. This will be the simplest course of action and will determine responsibility.

Relative peace in Łuck. The city is full of cars and people. There is a noticeable lack of food and alcohol products.

Chelm. Information about Moscice from Mr. Weber. Management and officials evacuated on Tuesday. There were big air raids, but the factory was not damaged up until Tuesday. Two bombs failed to explode and they fell into a coal bunker in the boiler room and onto the warehouse with lime saltpeter.

There were losses in people and communication devices. In the Central Industrial Region, the factories are apparently defended by high-angle artillery. They are undamaged.