New post
01/08 02/08 03/08 04/08 05/08 06/08 07/08 08/08 09/08 10/08 11/08 12/08 13/08 14/08 15/08 16/08 17/08 18/08 19/08 20/08 21/08 22/08 23/08 24/08 25/08 26/08 27/08 28/08 29/08 30/08 31/08 01/09 02/09 03/09 04/09 05/09 06/09 07/09 08/09 09/09 10/09 11/09 12/09 13/09 14/09 15/09 16/09 17/09 18/09 19/09 20/09 21/09 22/09 23/09 24/09 25/09 26/09 27/09 28/09 29/09 30/09 01/10 02/10 03/10 04/10 05/10 06/10 07/10 08/10 09/10 10/10 11/10 12/10 13/10 14/10 15/10 16/10 17/10 18/10 19/10 20/10 21/10 22/10 23/10 24/10 25/10 26/10 27/10 28/10 29/10 30/10 31/10

from the beginning
Viasat History

Edward Raczyński

During WWII, he served as the Minister of Foreign Affairs in the Polish government in exile.

Edward Raczyński

During WWII, he served as the Minister of Foreign Affairs in the Polish government in exile.

Lord Halifax hit me with a state of certain “vacillation” or at least inner doubts. He told me that information from various sources indicates alarming Soviet ideas and in such state of affairs the situation must be considered seriously altered for the worse. See more


However I am convinced the agreement between the Soviets and the Germans cannot be a foundation for either an honest or a permanent friendship. It is a result of Soviet fear mixed with a desire for gain. If the Western powers stand up bravely and go to war together with us if necessary, then the Soviets (who will gain politically anyway) will not “disgrace themselves with the Germans”.


From an unofficial source, but quite serious, I receive the following information on the German-Soviet nonaggression pact:

I. agreement reached with the active participation of Italian diplomacy;

II. with reference to the basic agreement, there is a mutual obligation not to intervene with the internal affairs of the other contractor; in particular, Germany will not interfere with the Ukrainian issue;

III. Latvia, Estonia and Finland are entering the sphere of Soviet interests;

IV. Germany leaves Bulgaria to the Turkish influence (will not encourage its revisionist tendency?).

In the next two weeks, a permanent alliance between England and Poland is to be signed. On the English side, this treaty is to be signed by min. Lord HalifaxSecretary of State for Foreign Affairs, on the Polish side by Ambassador RaczyńskiPolish ambassador to the United Kingdom. The treaty will replace the current mutual guarantees and will include a commitment to mutual assistance in the event of a direct and indirect threat to the independence of both powers.

By the time I got myself acquainted with your project, I was struck. How different it is from both the project I put forward as well as the conclusions reached on the 6th of April during the visit of Mr. Beck in London. The reasons for some of these changes are not clear to us but your legal counsel will undoubtedly be able to give the necessary explanations. The only point I'd like to put forward right now is that the confidential protocol suggested by the Polish government does not include Romania that we spoke so much about during the visit of Mr. Beck. Instead, it includes the Baltic States which we had mentioned only rather briefly at that opportunity.

In reply to our proposal to immediately start negotiating a political treaty I have received a letter from Lord Halifax yesterday night. In this letter he proposes to start the talks tomorrow, Wednesday: "If the Polish legal counsel would be on site by that date" or as soon as possible after that date. 

I must give H. a prompt answer as to the date and possible procedures.